12 Surya Namaskar Mantras aka Sun Salutation Chants are an important part of Surya Namaskar, which makes it a spiritual practice. Through these sun salutation mantras, the properties of the sun are appreciated and absorbed by the practitioner.
These 12 Surya Namaskar mantras are chanted along with the 12 postures that are synchronized with the breath in a meditative flow. During the chant, the sun is worshiped in all its forms and names.
Meaning of the Surya Namaskar mantras
Similar to the special sequence of 12 poses in Surya namaskar, the mantras are also chanted in a certain way. In Eastern astrology, these 12 mantras are considered the sounds of zodiac signs through which the sun goes in 12 phases (Rashi) every year. Singing these mantras enhances the spiritual component of Surya Namaskar.
12 Surya Namaskar mantras are chanted in Sanskrit. The middle term of each mantra (between Om and Namah) is a name of the sun god. Each phonetic syllable of the name sun god contained the vehicle of the basic energy, which is represented by the sun itself.
Singing a Sanskrit mantra can be daunting at first. However, in order to show true commitment to practice, the translation would be useful.
Surya Namaskar mantra with meaning and 12 attitudes
Use this exercise guide to understand the essence of the sun and the importance of gratitude for this powerful source of life.
1. Pranamasana (prayer pose)
Mantra – "Om Mitraye Namaha"
Importance: "Mitraye" is a Sanskrit term derived from the root term "Mitra" and refers to "friend". Hence, this mantra literally translates as "greetings to the friend of all".
Inference: The sun is the universal unity and shares its light equally among all without discrimination, which symbolizes friendship. Therefore, in this Pranamasana, we extol the sun as the ultimate source of life for every organism on earth like a true friend.
2. Hasta Uttanasana (posture with arms raised)
Mantra – "Om Ravaye Namah"
Importance: In this position, Sun is called under the Hindi synonym "Ravi", which means "shiny". Hence the mantra is translated as "Greetings to those who shine and shine".
Inference: "Ravaye" means something that shines and blesses all. In the second position, the entire body is stretched and opened to receive the power and energy of the sun and to greet it so that it shares its radiance.
3. Padahastasana (standing forward bend)
Mantra – "Om Suraya Namaha"
Importance: Suraya was derived from Surya, the name given to the sun to be extolled as the Hindu god responsible for the movement of day and life on earth. Thus "Om Suraya Namaha" means "greetings to those who induce activity".
Inference: The sun is the dynamic being that supplies the earth, people and all living things with energy. When we fold forward in Padahastasana and chant the corresponding Surya Namaskar mantra, we connect with the earth to share the common source of energy. It also develops grip and balance to share the sun's energizing properties equally.
4. Ashwa sanchalanasana (equestrian posture)
Mantra – "Om Bhanave Namaha"
Importance: "Bhanave" is derived from the Hindi synonym for the sun "Bhanu". It means the one who serves as a light source. This translates the mantra as "greetings to the one who enlightens".
Inference: The sun is considered to dispel darkness by bringing in daylight every day. Hence, this surya namaskar mantra is chanted while looking up in Ashwa Sanchalanasana. Keeping your head and looking up in this position means removing mental blocks, fears, negativity and overcoming the limits.
5. Chaturanga Dandasana (four-bar posture)
Mantra – "Om Khagaye Namaha"
Importance: "Khag" is a Hindi term that refers to one who dwells in heaven. Therefore, it addresses the sun here because it moves in the sky during the daily hours. This is how the Shloka translates: "Greetings to those who move quickly in the sky."
Inference: The passage of the sun is considered a traditional clock for people in ancient times. When the practitioner chants this mantra in the fifth position, he becomes a connection with the earth and heaven and demands the passage of time in relation to the sun in order to be kind to everyone.
6. Ashtanga Namaskar (eight-limbed pose)
Mantra – "Om Pushne Namaha"
Importance: The term "Pushne" is derived from the term "Poshan", which means "food". This Surya Namaskar mantra is chanted to praise the sun for giving food to living beings. It is better understood how to greet the giver of strength and nourishment.
Inference: While doing Ashtanga Namaskar, we seek the sun's energy and nourishment to strengthen our strength on a deeper level.
7. Bhujangasana – (Cobra Pose)
Mantra – "Om Hiranya Garbhaya Namaha"
Importance: "Hirangarbh" is a compound term that was created by combining "Hiran" (deer) and "Garbha" (womb). The womb of the deer is also considered to be the beginning of life in the universe. It is also known as the golden egg as the sun is the golden cosmic body. Hence this mantra refers to "greetings to the golden cosmic self".
Inference: Hiranya Garbhaya is also known as the golden egg and the manifestation of self-existence. The sun is considered to be the god who has the golden brilliance that life can manifest. Hence, when practicing Bhujangasana, this mantra expresses the demanding gesture of filling life with creativity.
8.Adho Mukha Svanasana (Dog Pose Down)
Mantra – "Om Marichaye Namaha"
Importance: "Marich" is another synonym for sun, which means "rays of light". Since the sun brings out the dawn, so this mantra has a translation that conveys greetings to the Lord of the Dawn.
Inference: In addition to praising the sun, the term marichaye also refers to a mirage that serves as an illusion or distraction. They create hurdles on the way of life, so singing in the eighth pose serves to seek the true way or purpose in life. It gives the true wisdom to distinguish between the real and the unreal.
9.Ashwa Sanchalanasana (equestrian posture)
Mantra – "Om Adityaye Namaha"
Importance: Aditya is the son of the universal mother Aditi. In this Surya Namaskar mantra we praise Sun as the son of the cosmic mother. It was translated literally as a greeting to the son of Aditi, the cosmic mother.
Inference: Everything on earth was created or created by the cosmic mother. Therefore, in this ninth position, the practitioner, in addition to worshiping the sun, also welcomes the creative power to which we belong and which flows through all life.
10. Padahastasna (standing forward bend)
Mantra – "Om Savitre Namah"
The sun shows two of its states, sunrise and sunset, during the daily hours. Before sunrise, it is known as "savitr" in Hindi or Sanskrit. Hence, “Om Savitre Namah” expresses greetings to the Lord of creation or to the one who illuminates the world.
Inference: Savitre is a term that refers to the stimulator or energizer. Therefore, in the tenth position, we bow down to receive the stimulating or creative energy that will help fulfill the desires with kindness and love.
11. Hasta uttansana (posture with arms raised)
Mantra – "Om Arkaya Namah"
The term "arkaya" is taken here from "ark" which means something that can be worshiped. Hence it is translated as greeting to one who is fit to be praised.
Inference: In this posture, the arms and the whole self are stretched towards the sky. As they expand and open to heaven, practitioners greet both the sun and the sky to receive energy and give thanks to the great power in the sky.
12. Pranamasana (prayer pose)
Mantra – "Om Bhaskaraya Namah"
"Bhaskar" is a compound term with "bha" which means "light and knowledge" while "kar" refers to "to do". It means the sun as the one that brings light and knowledge to practitioners. It is translated as a greeting to the one who leads to enlightenment.
Inference: This Surya Namaskar mantra brings you closer to enlightenment by developing a harmonious connection. For this reason, Surya Namaskar is considered to be a complete spiritual practice i.e. H. Sadhana.
Sun Salutation Mantra 108 by Rattan Mohan Sharma
Bija mantra for Surya Namaskar
If you want to practice Surya Namaskar at a fast pace and 12 Surya Namaskar mantras are too many to incorporate, then Beej mantras are all you need.
There are six Beej mantras, also known as seed syllables, that are repeated four times in a row throughout the practice in the following order.
- Om Hraam
- Om Hreem
- Om Hroom
- Om Hraim
- Om Hraum
- Om Hrah
There is no particular meaning to these Beej mantras, however, they create strong vibrations of energy in the practitioner's mind and body.
Elevate your traditional Surya Namaskar practice by incorporating these 12 Surya Namaskar mantras into the 12 postures. These mantras increase mindfulness while chanting and bring the practitioner to total awareness.
Singing loudly or spiritually is the practitioner's choice, but the benefits remain the same. Hence, achieve the full form of the sun salutation and enjoy all the benefits of combining mantras with your practice.