Mushti Mudra (fist gesture): that means, process, use


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Mushti Mudra is one of the simple hand movements that we all hold onto the earth. Since a newborn's hands remain clenched with folded fingers, this also happens when performing mushti mudra.

Also, people generally make this hand gesture unconsciously when responding to negative emotions.

Practicing Mushti Mudra for even 5 minutes will help get the hidden anger, irritation or aggravation out of your system.

However, this gesture has other benefits that we take advantage of without even realizing it. Today, let's go into detail about Mushti mudra and its benefits.

Mushti Mudra meaning

Mushti is a Sanskrit term that refers to "fist" or "closed hands". It is practiced by clenching the fingers and wrapping the thumb around them to form a fist, hence also called the fist mudra.

The Faust mudra denotes anger and consequently reduces emotional anger. The human body reacts to emotions such as anger, fear, or pain by clenching its fingers in the shape of a fist. Mushti Mudra helps get rid of such emotions. A sense of dissimilarity can be felt in 5 minutes.

Mushti Mudra is not only a yogic hasta mudra, but also an Asamyukta hand movement practiced in Bharatnaytam.

Symbolic illustration

Mushti Mudra symbolically stands for strength, power or attack. It also means the following:

  • Grab objects
  • Combat position of wrestlers
  • Uniform authenticity of a person.

However, in a Hindu text Vishnu Purana, Lord Vishnu is shown with the hand gesture Mushti Mudra to fight the demon named Madhu. Here it is the symbol of power or the release of emotions.

Mushti Mudra stimulates all five basic elements (Panchatattva), i.e. H. Agni, Vayu, Akasha, Prithvi & Jala. It is a fusion of Vayu Mudra, Shunya Mudra, Surya Mudra and Jalodara Nashaka Mudra.

As the thumb is placed over the fingers to reach the ring finger just like in the surya mudra. Hence fire (Agni) dominates the other elements, hence Mushti Mudra creates warmth and energy in the body.

Mushti Mudra exercise guide

Before proceeding to this mudra, do the following hand as preparatory yoga mudras. They prepare the hand and fingers for the Mushti Mudra.

  • Muladhara Mudra
  • Merudanda Mudra
  • Rotations of the wrist

How To Do Mushti Mudra

  • Sit down relaxed and place the back of your hand on your thighs.
  • Focus your view on a specific point and maintain stability in the body.
  • Take a few deep breaths accompanied by the feeling of letting go and saying "no".
  • Squeeze the fingers of both hands toward the palm of your hand and place your thumb over the first three fingers.
  • Apply light pressure on your fingers.
  • Observe the physical sensation in the hands and the emotional changes as you inhale the Prana and focus on the Manipura Chakra.
  • Do the Mushti Mudra deeply for 5 to 15 minutes.

Duration of the exercise

  • One can practice this mudra at any time of the day. It can be performed in a sitting, standing, lying, or even walking posture as long as the body remains relaxed.
  • To get the most benefits, practice this mudra for 15 minutes three times a day.
  • Practicing mushti mudra after 10-minute meals is also beneficial for improving digestive health.

Counter gestures for Mushti Mudra

After attaining Mushti Mudra for the recommended time, practice the following mudras for improved effects:

Mushti mudra used

Simply keeping your hands in your fist is beneficial as a therapy for various health conditions. The main health benefits of Mushti Mudra are:

  1. You can use Mushti Mudra to relieve negative emotions, viz. Anger, fear and frustration.
  2. Mushti Mudra stimulates the liver and increases the energy of the stomach, which increases the digestive process.
  3. Practicing Mushti Mudra also cures constipation and loss of appetite.
  4. This mudra releases trapped tensions in the body.
  5. It is also helpful in lowering blood pressure.
  6. It reduces the excess amount of four elements in the body – Vayu, Akash, Prithvi, and Jal. This prevents various diseases.
  7. It calms the mind by removing worries and unwanted thoughts.
  8. Performing Mushti Mudra is helpful in healing mental health problems like depression, frustration, etc.
  9. This mudra creates heat in the body and therefore cures excessive tremors from cold and coughing.
  10. It promotes enthusiasm in the body and eliminates laziness, lethargy and lack of efficiency.


Mushti Mudra is your favorite mudra for staying fit, energetic, and relieved.

The next time you feel overwhelmed by the pent-up emotions, sculpt your hand position to achieve Mushti Mudra.